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NOAA's Historic Fisheries Collection
Catalog of Images

3750 thumbnail picture
Looking down at radiation cell at BCF Gloucester Technological Laboratory. Containers holding fish fillets are on a conveyor belt passing over the cell. The speed of the conveyor belt controls the radiation dose received by the fillets.
1969 circa
3751 thumbnail picture
Three-mile fish ladder at Cazadero Dam. Power dams have changed the environment drastically. Ladders - some remarkably successful - are one means of maintaining runs of salmon against effects of huge enginnering projects. But not all problems have been solved.
1969 circa
3752 thumbnail picture
Injecting metal tag into a menhaden. The tag will be recovered later, if the fish is recaptured and reduced to meal and oil. This is part of an effort to maintain the yield of menhaden and many other species. Understanding of variations in abundance of fishery resources and of the effects of manmade and natural phenomena is not complete.
1969 circa
3753 thumbnail picture
Many fish cannot be harvested with present-day gear because the species are scattered over wide areas. Experiments with pelagic fish show that it may be possible to attract large numbers of fish at night to a series of buoys or rafts with pulsating lights. Then the pulsations would move the fish to a suction hose attached to a factory processing vessel.
1969 circa
3754 thumbnail picture
For many years, BCF oceanographers have worked with space technology to analyze data from manned and unmanned spacecraft and have related these data to identifying fertile areas in the ocean. Satellite sensing could locate schools of fish and relay this information to fishing fleets. Also, management and conservation of fishery resources could be improved.
1969 circa
3755 thumbnail picture
Shrimp vessels land the most valuable species taken along the South Atlantic coast. Shrimp trawlers have been modernized and are mainly double-rigged craft that can tow two nets simultaneously, thereby increasing fishing efficiency. Here the trawler is washing its nets after a day of fishing.
1969 circa
3756 thumbnail picture
Mending a torn pound net. Fishermen often spend much time repairing nets torn by debris or obstacles in the water or rough bottom.
1969 circa
3757 thumbnail picture
Northern fur seal floating, asleep, with back flippers folded over on left front flipper. The fur seal fishery in the Bering Sea is an outstanding example of successful management. The resource - after overexploitation caused a serious decline - has been restored by wise application of knowledge after many years of scientific research.
1969 circa
3758 thumbnail picture
Bread made with 10 percent concentrate from hake (center) and herring (right), hardly differ in texture and taste from regular bread (left). FPC can be added to many other products, like macaroni, cookies, vegetable proteins, and starchy foods. About 1 ounce of FPC daily will provide a person with the minimum protein requirement.
1969 circa
3759 thumbnail picture
The shrimp-like euphausiid (upper) and the copepod occur in many kinds and often in great abundance. These two groups of planktonic animals are of greatest importance as food for larger animals, like fish, squid, or even whales. In the Antarctic, euphausiids are the principal food of the blue whale.
1969 circa
3760 thumbnail picture
Fertile areas of the ocean swarm with hundreds and hundreds of millions of animal plankton. Some are visible as small dustlike particles; others can be seen only with a microscope. The living zooplankton shown here contain two kinds of copepods - animals shaped like grains of rice - and one kind of arrow worm - the long slender animals at upper right and lower left.
1969 circa
3761 thumbnail picture
The diversity of tiny zooplankton is shown in this microphotograph of preserved specimens. The preserving fluid coagulates the protein and makes the animals look white. In nature the animals are nearly transparent. Some zooplankton live by preying on their fellow members, but most are herbivorous, living on phytoplankton - the vegetation of the sea.
1969 circa
3762 thumbnail picture
Samples of zooplankton taken at one time and place often consist of only a few kinds of animals. Several species of colorful copepods and one ostracod are shown here.
1969 circa
3763 thumbnail picture
A salmon troller
1969 circa
3764 thumbnail picture
491Estuaries and their marshlands are necessary as nursery grounds for some of our most valuable fisherey resources. Menhaden spawn in the open ocean , and as the larvae grow they move into estuarine waters where the juvenile stages feed and grow. Yet, marshlands are being "reclaimed" at an alarming rate for industrial and residential development.
1969 circa
3765 thumbnail picture
Aerial photograph showing fish school with contrail. The photograph was taken at an altitude of 3,000 feet. See image fish7948.
1969 circa
3766 thumbnail picture
Aerial photograph showing fish school with contrail. The photograph was taken at an altitude of 3,000 feet. See image fish7948.
1969 circa
3767 thumbnail picture
Purse seines lead in quantity of fish landed by U.S. fishermen. The purse line, when drawn to the vessel, effectively prevents the fish from escaping under the net. Purse seines are used to catch schooling fish like tuna, menhaden, and salmon. Tuna purse seines (one is shown) are of enormous size, and may be 3/4 mile long, 200 ft. deep, weight 15 tons, and have 10,000 floats.
1969 circa
3768 thumbnail picture
Scarlet prawns caught by BCF ship OREGON II during explorations for new shrimp grounds off northeastern South America. This large deepwater species is widely distributed on the continental slope between 300 adn 1,000 fathoms in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. These depths are well beyond the reach of present-day U.S. shrimp trawlers.
Caribbean Sea 1969 circa
3769 thumbnail picture
A tracing made by an echo sounder shows concentrations of Pacific ocean perch on the sea floor, as well as the otter trawl of another vessel sweeping over the bottom toward the fish.
Eastern Pacific Ocean
3770 thumbnail picture
The sea scallop - an inhabitant of waters off the Atlantic coast - is a striking example of genetic variation in nature. Though the shape of the shell is uniform, markings and color in this single species vary widely. Selective breeding for desirable traits (e.g., better flesh color or larger size) is one of the goals of artificial cultivation.
Atlantic Ocean
3771 thumbnail picture
A converted ferryboat is used in the Potomac River by the Virginia Institute of Marine Science to test the efficiency of a midwater trawl in catching alewives as they migrate upstream to spawn.
Virginia, Potomac River
3772 thumbnail picture
Seining under ice for carp in a "rough" fish utilization operation. Cropping an overabundant fish often leads to better ecological balance and to improved growth of the differenct species in a lake.
South Dakota, Lake Madison
3773 thumbnail picture
Bluefin tuna taken from subsurface waters with longline gear during exploratory fishing by the BCF vessel DELAWARE. Although explorations showed this species to be commercially abundant seasonally during the summer and fall in the Northwest Atlantic, an intensive commercial fishery has yet to be developed.
3774 thumbnail picture
Lobster pot floats hanging on wall of house. In New England, nearly every port has a group of lobstermen each of whom has his own distinctive colorful floats. Pots belonging to each fisherman can easily be located when they are in the water.
New England
3775 thumbnail picture
Calico scallops, taken during exploratory fishing off Florida's east coast, spill out of dredge. Successful explorations that locate untapped fishery resources often lead to commercial harvesting.
Florida, offshore east coast
3776 thumbnail picture
Blessing the shrimp fleet is an annual event. Shrimp have become the most valuable species in the U.S. fisheries, and more than 2/3 of the domestic catch is taken from Gulf waters. The shrimp fleet has been so improved that it can be considered one of the most modern seagoing fleets in the world.
3777 thumbnail picture
"They that go down to the sea in ships." Statue of Gloucester fisherman commemorating 300-year anniversary (1623-1923) of fishing from this New England port and also the thousands of men who have lost their lives in the New England fisheries.
Massachusetts, Gloucester
3778 thumbnail picture
Scientists are able to determine the age of a fish by counting the number of yearly deposits of bone on the otoliths (ear bones) of fish. Otoliths of the pollock - a codlike fish - are being removed in a study of the growth of the species.
3779 thumbnail picture
Aerial view of a purse seiner encircling a school of tuna.
3780 thumbnail picture
Chemist at BCF College Park Laboratory injecting a sample of fatty acids into a gas chromatograph. Analysis yields information on the types and quantity of fatty acids in a fish or shellfish.
Maryland, College Park
3781 thumbnail picture
Lobsterman preparing traps and floats before leaving port. The northern lobster fishery - conducted principally in New England coastal waters - usually produces more revenue for lobstermen than any other single species of North Atlantic fish or shellfish.
New England
3782 thumbnail picture
Swordfish caught below surface with longline gear. Exploratory and commercial fishing in the Gulf of Mexico has shown that the fish concentrates in deep water in the fall, winter, and spring off the Mississippi Delta. Profitable catches are being made by U.S. vessels fishing at night.
Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico
3783 thumbnail picture
Sacking 5-pound bags of scallops for freezing. This new fishery - along with shrimp and crab fishing - is helping to diversify Alaska's fishing industry, which until recently depended almost entirely on the highly seasonal salmon and halibut fisheries.
Alaska, Seward
3784 thumbnail picture
When the tide is high, the tubs are lifted and emptied aboard vessel. Dredges and tongs are also used to harvest oysters. See image fish7927.
Washington, Willapa Bay
3785 thumbnail picture
Pumping alewives from a poundnet in Milwaukee Harbor. This prolific fish - an invasive species in the Great Lakes - dominated Lake Michigan catches during the 1960's.
Wisconsin, Milwaukee
3786 thumbnail picture
Captain of trawler at weighing platform.
Massachusetts, Gloucester
3787 thumbnail picture
Sashimi - raw tuna red in color and sliced thin - is part of this attractive array of Japanese-style seafood and is popular across a multi-cultural spectrum.
Hawaii, Honolulu
3788 thumbnail picture
Checking oyster raft at BCF Oxford Laboratory. Shells or other hard objects are attached to suspended lines, and oyster spat in turn can attach to the hard objects on which the spat grow to adult size.
Maryland, Oxford
3789 thumbnail picture
Seining for small fish that will be used as live bait in the skipjack fishery. Nehu, an anchovy, is the most sought-after bait. It is thrown into the water to attract skipjack close to the vessel where they can be caught with pole and line and unbaited barbless hooks.
3790 thumbnail picture
Sockeye (red) salmon spawning in an Alaska stream. The fish assume brilliant colors as they migrate upriver to spawn.
3791 thumbnail picture
Fish wheel operated for river basin research on the Copper River. Laws have been enacted to prevent commercial use of wheels, since almost every salmon is scooped up when the fish migrate toward spawning beds. Wheels can still be operated if the fish are caught for personal use.
Alaska, Copper River, near Chitina
3792 thumbnail picture
Aquaculture has the potential to meet a large part of the demand for certain fishery products. A technician at a privately owned facility is holding a bag of shells. Free-swimming oyster larvae (spawned and grown artificially) attach to the shells and are then known as spat. The spat are fed cultured algae until large enough to be placed on natural beds where they will grow until harvested.
Connecticut, Stratford
3793 thumbnail picture
Big tunas like this are often landed on two poles in the Hawaiian fishery.
Pacific Ocean Central
3794 thumbnail picture
Catching Hawaiian tuna in the racks on the BCF research vessel HUGH M. SMITH.
3795 thumbnail picture
Fishermen catching yellowfin tuna in the racks on the BCF research vessel HUGH M. SMITH.
Pacific Ocean Central
3796 thumbnail picture
Tuna fishing - catching Hawaiian tuna with poles.
Pacific Ocean Central
3797 thumbnail picture
Unloading frozen tuna
Oregon, Astoria 1968 September
3798 thumbnail picture
Unloading frozen tuna
Oregon, Astoria 1968 September
3799 thumbnail picture
Unloading frozen tuna
Oregon, Astoria 1968 September

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Last Updated:
June 10, 2016