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Voyage To Inner Space - Exploring the Seas With NOAA Collect
Catalog of Images

16800 thumbnail picture
NOAA Ship FAIRWEATHER underway
2010 April 15
16801 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream by Athanasius Kircher. From "Mundus Subterraneus"
North Atlantic Ocean 1678
16802 thumbnail picture
Atlantic currents by Happelius. From "Relationes Curiosae"
Atlantic Ocean 1685
16803 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream by Benjamin Franklin
North Atlantic Ocean 1782?
16804 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream by Governor Pownall
North Atlantic Ocean 1787
16805 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream by Jonathan Williams
North Atlantic Ocean 1799
16806 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream by Major James Rennell
North Atlantic Ocean 1832
16807 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream
North Atlantic Ocean
16808 thumbnail picture
The Gulf Stream by the Coast Survey. Based on a series of studies beginning in 1845. The Coast Survey established a number of sections for repeated observations. The first systematic oceanographic studies of the Gulf Stream. Integrated oceanography, marine geology, and meteorology into these cruises
North Atlantic Ocean 1845-1860
16809 thumbnail picture
Steam winch with steel wire. Steel wire for deepsea dredging was first used on the BLAKE. This innovation was the result of collaboration between Charles D. Sigsbee and Alexander Agassiz. It was Agassiz's idea to replace hemp rope with steel cable mining technology. In: "Deep-Sea Sounding and Dredging", by Charles D. Sigsbee. 1880. Plate 30, p. 152. Call Number GC75 .S53.
North Atlantic Ocean 1885?
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Sigsbee Sounding Machine - invented by Charles D. Sigsbee and modified from Thomson Sounding Machine. Basic design of ocean sounding instruments stayed the same for the next 50 years. Here the sounding machine is used to set a Pillsbury current meter at a known depth. In: "The Gulf Stream", by John Elliott Pillsbury, 1891. Call Number GC296.G9 P54 1891.
Washington Navy Yard 1880?
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The Pillsbury Current Meter which was invented by John Elliott Pillsbury. This instrument was used in Gulf Stream studies. In: "The Gulf Stream" by John Elliott Pillsbury, 1891. Call Number GC296.G9 P54 1891.
1885?
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Current meter. In: "The Gulf Stream", by John Elliott Pillsbury, 1891. Call Number GC296.G9 P54 1891.
1885?
16813 thumbnail picture
Diagram of possible sound wave paths in water. Wave-path O-C-E came close to describing refractive path of sound in SOFAR layer . Sound path model developed in 1930's for radio acoustic ranging work. Didn't yet understand the channeling effect of the velocity minimum. Furthest RAR use was out to 206 miles offshore in 1925
1934
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Stations used by Maurice Ewing in 1st offshore seismic reflection experiment. Conducted on board C&GS Ship OCEANOGRAPHER. Helped prove feasibility of measuring depth to basement rock from a ship. Work done with C&GS because of radio acoustic ranging experience. The beginning of offshore geophysical exploration
Virginia, Chesapeake Bay entrance 1935
16815 thumbnail picture
Ewing marine camera photo of bottom on continental shelf. Camera deployed from C&GS ship BOWEN. Inshore oceanographic studies
Offshore Delaware Bay area 1952
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Piston coring device deployed from C&GS ship BOWEN. Inshore oceanographic studies
Offshore Delaware Bay area 1952
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Paulson pipe dredge deployed from C&GS Ship PATHFINDER.
Northeast Pacific 1958
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Dredging operations on the EXPLORER. Seattle to Norfolk trip 1960 marked renaissance of oceanography in C&GS. Under direction of Dr. Harris B. Stewart
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
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C&GS Ship PIONEER under Golden Gate Bridge. Magnetometer invented at Scripps deployed on this ship in late 1950's. Surveys from Pt. Conception to Cape Flattery discovered magnetic striping. Magnetic striping led to Theory of Seafloor Spreading. H. W. Menard called "among most significant geophysical surveys ever made"
San Francisco
16820 thumbnail picture
Early magnetic profiles from PIONEER surveys. Shows repeating pattern and offset at Mendocino Fracture Zone. Serendipitous that survey lines primarily east-west. Otherwise magnetic striping would not have showed clearly
Mendocino Fracture Zone, Northeast Pacific 1959?
16821 thumbnail picture
Dredge haul on EXPLORER. Thongs are asking for crushed foot
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
16822 thumbnail picture
Fluxgate Magnetometer on deck of PIONEER. Believe same instrument used on late 1950's surveys
Northern California coast 1960
16823 thumbnail picture
High-speed Nekton tow off of EXPLORER. Seattle to Norfolk trip also integrated biological studies
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
16824 thumbnail picture
Angelo Ferrara operating velocimeter. Instrument to measure velocity of sound in water
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
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Angelo Ferrara operating winch for velocimeter. Instrument to measure velocity of sound in water
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
16826 thumbnail picture
Deploying Fluxgate magnetometer on EXPLORER.
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
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Deploying Fluxgate magnetometer on EXPLORER. Harris B. Stewart in black shirt
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
16828 thumbnail picture
Deploying Fluxgate magnetometer on EXPLORER. Harris B. Stewart in black shirt
In transit, Seattle to Norfolk, Virginia 1960
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Deploying Shipek camera on EXPLORER. Harris B. Stewart in black shirt. Carl Shipek is in the middle with the cap on.
Atlantic Ocean 1960
16830 thumbnail picture
V. Ralph Sobieralski checking Precision Depth Recorder. On PIONEER during Kwajalein Island cable route survey.
Tropical Pacific 1960
16831 thumbnail picture
Test of V-fin thumper in water used for bottom penetration acoustics. Provided continuous sub-bottom profile. Off of EXPLORER
Massachusetts, SE of Nantucket Island 1961
16832 thumbnail picture
Deploying V-fin thumper during test. Provided continuous sub-bottom profile. Off of EXPLORER
Massachusetts, SE of Nantucket Island 1961
16833 thumbnail picture
Deep ocean bottom photograph. Off of EXPLORER
Massachusetts, SE of Nantucket Island 1961
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Deep ocean bottom photograph
16835 thumbnail picture
Deploying Nansen cast from PATHFINDER
Pacific Ocean, North Pacific 1961
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Oceanographic laboratory on the PIONEER. Harley D. Nygren on right. On early ocean mapping project - Hawaii to Aleutians
Pacific Ocean, North Pacific 1961
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Harley D. Nygren with Nansen bottle on the PIONEER. On early ocean mapping project - Hawaii to Aleutians
Pacific Ocean, North Pacific 1961
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Deploying bottom mounted gravity meter off of BOWIE. Establishing gravity range for calibration of underway gravity meters
California, off San Francisco 1962
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Deepsea bottom photograph off of EXPLORER. Test of camera system
Massachusetts, SE of Nantucket Island 1961
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Feasibility studies for potential nuclear waste dump site. Conducted for Atomic Energy Commission
New Jersey coast 1961
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Deploying bottom mounted gravity meter off of BOWIE. Establishing gravity range for calibration of underway gravity meters
California, off San Francisco 1962
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Deploying bottom mounted gravity meter off of BOWIE. Establishing gravity range for calibration of underway gravity meters
California, off San Francisco 1962
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Early sidescan sonar record showing targets. Tests run on HILGARD ASV-82
Massachusetts, Martha's Vineyard area 1963
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Early sidescan sonar record showing targets. Tests run on HILGARD ASV-82
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Early sidescan sonar record showing targets. Tests run on HILGARD ASV-82
16846 thumbnail picture
Example of Gulf Stream thermal wedge. Sounding artifact created by abrupt changes in water temperature. Observed on EXPLORER
North Carolina, Cape Hatteras May 26, 1965
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Detail of Gulf Stream thermal wedge. Detail of Precision Depth Recorder record showing artifact. Observed on EXPLORER
North Carolina, Cape Hatteras May 26, 1965
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Chart showing location of Gulf Stream thermal wedge. Observed on EXPLORER
North Carolina, Cape Hatteras May 26, 1965
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Sidescan sonar system on SURVEYOR. Used to explore for offshore extension of San Andreas Fault
California, Cape Mendocino area 1965

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