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Voyage To Inner Space - Exploring the Seas With NOAA Collect
Catalog of Images

16950 thumbnail picture
Deepsea soundings by the USS ARCTIC - Otway Berryman commanding. Top line is ship track between Newfoundland and Ireland. Bottom line is profile and shows no plateau. Generated a controversy with Matthew Fontaine Maury. Maury declared erroneous and continued touting "Telegraphic Plateau"
North Atlantic Ocean 1856
16951 thumbnail picture
Sounding device made by William P. Trowbridge for Coast Survey. Line would pay out of a descending cylinder and stationery cylinder on deck. Similar to modern bathythermograph copper wire instrument. Civil War intervened stopping research. Probably would have worked
1860
16952 thumbnail picture
Thomson piano wire sounding machine as mounted on USS TUSCARORA. This machine was invented by Sir William Thomson, a.k.a. Lord Kelvin. Made use of heavy weight and piano wire - line paid out until weight hit bottom . This machine revolutionized deepsea sounding. Variations would be used for over 50 years
1873
16953 thumbnail picture
USS TUSCARORA - commanded by George Belknap. First ship to successfully use piano wire sounding machine
1873
16954 thumbnail picture
Track of USS TUSCARORA from Cape Flattery to Japan.
1873
16955 thumbnail picture
Profile with bottom characteristics of TUSCARORA soundings. Profile shows continental slope and Juan de Fuca Ridge. This was the first indication of the Juan de Fuca Ridge system
16956 thumbnail picture
Sounding record from Fish Commission Steamer ALBATROSS.
16957 thumbnail picture
Auxiliary vessels of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 1942.
16958 thumbnail picture
Ships of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 1942.
16959 thumbnail picture
The BLAKE anchored off WINDWARD Passage. George Belknap shipped Thomson piano wire machine to BLAKE in 1875 Charles Sigsbee modified Thomson machine. Sigsbee sounding machine was the standard for many years
16960 thumbnail picture
Diagram of the Sigsbee Sounding Machine as used on the BLAKE. George Belknap shipped Thomson piano wire machine to BLAKE in 1875 Charles Sigsbee modified Thomson machine to make the Sigsbee Sounding Machine . Sigsbee sounding machine was the standard for many years
1875
16961 thumbnail picture
Sigsbee Sounding Machine in use on the ALBATROSS.
1890?
16962 thumbnail picture
Contour map of Gulf of Mexico as sounded by the C&GS Steamer BLAKE between 1873 and 1875. Over 3,000 soundings went into this chart, most of the deep water soundings beween taken by the Sigsbee Sounding Machine. This was the first realistic bathymetric map of any oceanic basin. In: "Three Cruises of the BLAKE" by Alexander Agassiz, 1888. P. 102. QH 93.A26 1888 v.1.
1878
16963 thumbnail picture
Soundings from the Sigsbee Sounding Machine in the Gulf of Mexico.
16964 thumbnail picture
Contour map of the Caribbean from soundings by C&GS Steamer BLAKE and Fish Commission Steamer ALBATROSS. Both ships used Sigsbee Sounding Machine. In: "Three Cruises fo the BLAKE" by Alexander Agassiz, 1888. P. 98. Library Call Number QH 93.A26 1888 v.1.
1885
16965 thumbnail picture
3-D view of the Gulf of Mexico, Eastern U.S., and Western Atlantic. This is probably the first 3-dimensional seafloor view ever constructed. It was published in "Three Cruises of the BLAKE", by Alexander Agassiz, 1888. P. 94. Library Call Number QH 93.A26 1888 v.1.
1885?
16966 thumbnail picture
Sigsbee Sounding Machine on stern of ALBATROSS.
1900?
16967 thumbnail picture
Soledad and Los Coronados Canyons. Soledad Canyon is known today as La Jolla Canyon
San Diego, California 1897
16968 thumbnail picture
Robert Peary North Pole Expedition. Sounding with piano wire through the ice. Profile of soundings tends to corroborate that Peary made it to the North Pole.
Arctic Ocean 1909
16969 thumbnail picture
Bathymetric map of the World's oceans. Produced by Sir John Murray
1911
16970 thumbnail picture
North Atlantic Ocean showing clear delineation of Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Detail of Sir John Murray map
North Atlantic 1911
16971 thumbnail picture
Pair of piano wire sounding machines on the PATTERSON.
Unimak Island area, Aleutian Islands, Alaska 1913
16972 thumbnail picture
Steam sounding machine on the GEDNEY.
North Pacific 1913
16973 thumbnail picture
Sounding operations on the PATTERSON.
Unimak Island area, Aleutian Islands, Alaska October, 1913
16974 thumbnail picture
Sounding machine - detail view. On the PATTERSON
Unimak Island area, Aleutian Islands, Alaska October, 1913
16975 thumbnail picture
First track of sonic range finder on USS STEWART. Crossed north Atlantic with sonic sounding device. Made approximately 900 soundings from United States to Gibraltar
Atlantic Ocean 1922
16976 thumbnail picture
Temperature contours showing continuity of Mid-Atlantic Ridge. From Atlas of the METEOR Expedition. Combining sparse depth readings and temperature to infer bathymetry
South Atlantic Ocean 1927
16977 thumbnail picture
A hand sounding machine. On the EXPLORER
North Pacific Ocean 1927
16978 thumbnail picture
Installation of deepsea sounding equipment. C&GS 1931 Hydrographic Manual
1931
16979 thumbnail picture
LL type wireline sounding machine. C&GS 1942 Hydrographic Manual
16980 thumbnail picture
Early continuous sounding record from acoustic system. Off of OCEANOGRAPHER. C&GS didn't use recording instruments until late 1930's
Hudson Canyon area 1939
16981 thumbnail picture
Submarine valley discovered in Georges Bank area. Work done by OCEANOGRAPHER
Georges Bank, offshore Massachusetts 1931
16982 thumbnail picture
Submarine valleys of Georges Bank. Contoured by Dr. Francis P. Shepard, "the father of marine geology". Work done by OCEANOGRAPHER
Georges Bank, offshore Massachusetts 1932
16983 thumbnail picture
The Mendocino Escarpment. The initial indication of the great seafloor fracture zones. Surveyed by GUIDE between 1935-1938
California, Cape Mendocino area 1938
16984 thumbnail picture
First discoveries of PIONEER and GUIDE Seamounts. Seamounts discovered by PIONEER and GUIDE.
California Central Coast 1929-1932
16985 thumbnail picture
Davidson Seamount named for George Davidson of the C&GS. This feature was the first called a "seamount". Officially named by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names. Discovered by GUIDE in 1933. Error - latitude should range from 35 to 36
South of Monterey, California 1934
16986 thumbnail picture
Identified as submerged atolls on Palawan Bank. Note similarity in shape to salt structures in Gulf of Mexico. See images "theb.3833.htm" and "theb.3834.htm"
Palawan Bank, Philippine Islands 1933
16987 thumbnail picture
Shallow water bathymetry. Sand waves off Padre Island. Delineation possible because of widespread use of recording fathometers
Padre Island, Texas 1948
16988 thumbnail picture
The first guyot -discovered by Harry Hess of Princeton University. Flat-topped seamounts which are common in the Pacific. Discovered by Hess as naval officer in WWII. Contrary to popular belief, flat- topped seamounts were first discovered by the C&GS in the Gulf of Alaska and published on by Harold Murray in 1941.
Western Pacific 1945?
16989 thumbnail picture
Precision depth recorder record of small seamount on side of Easter Island. Acquired by Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Record from ship THOMAS G. WASHINGTON
Chile, Easter Island 1982
16990 thumbnail picture
Profile of Bowers Bank. Surveyed by PATHFINDER
Southern Bering Sea 1952
16991 thumbnail picture
Constructing three dimensional model of Bowers Bank. C&GS marine geologist at work. Photo #1 of sequence
Washington, D.C. 1964
16992 thumbnail picture
Constructing three dimensional model of Bowers Bank. C&GS marine geologist at work. Photo #2 of sequence
Washington, D.C. 1964
16993 thumbnail picture
Constructing three dimensional model of Bowers Bank. C&GS marine geologist at work. Photo #3 of sequence
Washington, D.C. 1964
16994 thumbnail picture
Trincomalee Canyon, Sri Lanka. Surveyed by PIONEER. Survey made during International Indian Ocean Expedition
Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean 1964
16995 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #1. First recorded soundings in Monterey Bay. Surveyed by Don Miguel de Costanso - only 17 soundings
California, Monterey Bay 1770
16996 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #2. Reconnaissance chart of California coast. Surveyed in 1852 by Captain James Alden on the C&GS Ship ACTIVE
California, Monterey Bay 1853 chart
16997 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #3. Detail of Monterey Bay from 1852 C&GS survey. Note 0/120 in center of bay. Indicates that bottom was not reached with 120 fathom leadline
California, Monterey Bay 1853 chart
16998 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #4. C&GS chart of Monterey harbor published in 1852
California, Monterey Bay
16999 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #5. 1897 contoured map of Monterey "Submerged Valley". From George Davidson published paper in Proc. of Calif. Acad. of Sciences. Monterey Canyon was first noted in 1857 by James Alden of C&GS Ship ACTIVE . Alden termed the canyon a "submarine gulch"
California, Monterey Bay 1897

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