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NOAA Photo Library Image - r0006704

Looking upstream at the original culvert. The culvert was approximately 36" in diameter. Before placement of the new culvert there was an 18" tidal height differential between the up and down stream sides of the marsh. This restriction reduced available fish habitat and allowed non-native plant species to invade the marsh.

Image ID: r0006704, NOAA's Restoration Center Collection
Location: Massachusetts, Ipswich, Essex County
Photo Date: November 1998
Credit: NOAA Restoration Center

High Resolution Photo Available

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November 10, 2017