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NOAA's Historic Fisheries Collection
Catalog of Images

3650 thumbnail picture
A little-known aspect of the U.S. fisheries is the reduction industry that produces fish meal and oil. Most of the fishmeal goes into feed for good and rapid growth of poultry - chicken broilers, chicken breeders and layers, and turkeys. Fishmeal is an excellent balanced source of amino acids (components of protein) and adds minerals and vitamins to the feed.
3651 thumbnail picture
Scales shed from herring are collected to make pearl essence - a lustrous and decorative finish applied to many products like baby toys, dolls, clothing, jewelry, etc. Small herring, caught along the Maine coast, furnish the principal raw material for our pearl essence industry. The fish will be canned and sold as Maine sardines.
3652 thumbnail picture
Unloading kelp, a seaweed, from harvesting vessel, Port Hueneme, Calif. This aquatic plant will be processed into meal and used as a component in feed for livestock and poultry. The meal adds minerals and vitamins (chiefly riboflavin) to the feed.
3653 thumbnail picture
Studying mating habits of a pair of tanner crabs. To calculate the sustainable harvest that can be expected, biologists must have a thorough understanding of the life history of a species and how it reacts to changes in the environment.
3654 thumbnail picture
On board a BCF research vessel, fishery biologists are measuring fish and taking blood samples for stock analysis. Each species of fish or shellfish is composed of stocks or subpopulations, which may differ slightly in structure, physiology, or rate of growth. Information on stocks enables biologists to determine the sustainable yield of each stock.
3655 thumbnail picture
The croaker is the dominant fish caught with trawls in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Large croakers find a ready market as food fish. In the 1950's a new fishery was started to supply small-sized bottomfishes - mainly croaker, spot, sand trout, and silver trout - to canneries packing pet food.
3656 thumbnail picture
Famed cannery row has gone out of business as a center of sardine canning. In the 1930's and 1940's, the California sardine industry was the largest in the United States, landing a peak of 1.5 billion pounds in 1936. The sardine population had dwindled to almost nothing by the late 1960's but had been replaced by an even larger anchovy population.
California, Monterey 1969 circa
3657 thumbnail picture
Cleaning albacore loins in preparation for canning this premium whitemeat tuna. The discarded dark parts of the loin go into canned pet food. Tunas and tuna-like fishes -- with average catch of about 285 million pounds during 1963- 1967 -- dominated the California fisheries at that time and accounted for nearly 60 percent of total fishery landings.
California 1969 circa
3658 thumbnail picture
Salmon trollers at Bodega Bay. River fishing for salmon in Calfornia was discontinued in 1957, and the catch now comes solely from the ocean. The high price to the fishermen put salmon among the most valuable landings in California.
California, Bodega Bay 1969 circa
3659 thumbnail picture
Picking Pacific oysters by hand at low tide. The oysters are put into slatted tubs that have float lines attached. See image fish7990.
Washington, Willapa Bay 1969 circa
3660 thumbnail picture
The gear aboard this Hawaiian longliner is used to take bigeye and yellowfin tunas and marlins and other billfishes from subsurface waters. Baited hooks are suspended at intervals along the buoyed longline, which may be ten miles in length. Flags indicate the position of the longline in the water.
Hawaii, Oahu Island, Honolulu 1969 circa
3661 thumbnail picture
Hawaii's fisheries produce a colorful array of fish for the local fresh fish market.
Hawaii, Oahu Island, Honolulu 1969 circa
3662 thumbnail picture
The fishpot is the most common gear in the Puerto Rico artisanal fisheries. Lined up on the beach are typical small boats, which take most of the commercial catch. Few truly large modern craft are operated by Puerto Ricans.
Puerto Rico, Crashboat 1969 circa
3663 thumbnail picture
A Samoan woman cracks a piece of coral to extract a hidden sea urchin. Women and youngsters comb the reefs around American Samoa for many kinds of shellfish for use as food and to make shell leis and trinkets that will be sold to tourists. Few Samoans engage in commercial fishing enterprises.
American Samoa 1969 circa
3664 thumbnail picture
Taiwanese fishermen unload albacore from a tuna longliner at an American cannery in Pago Pago. Fishery products, mainly canned tuna to be shipped to the United States, were valued at over $27 million in fiscal year 1967.
American Samoa, Pago Pago 1969 circa
3665 thumbnail picture
At the annual fish day at Port Washington, youngsters participate in a smoked- fish eating contest.
Wisconsin, Port Washington 1969 circa
3666 thumbnail picture
Bringing bag of alewives aboard a commercial trawler . In foreground is powered drum used to haul in wings and main body of trawl net.
Wisconsin, Lake Michigan 1969 circa
3667 thumbnail picture
Pumping alewives from the hold of a Lake Michigan trawler. This low-value fish will be reduced to meal and oil. Alewives migrated in from the Atlantic Ocean and have become the leading species in quantity taken from Great Lakes waters. Catches of high-value fish have declined seriously.
Wisconsin, Lake Michigan 1969 circa
3668 thumbnail picture
Commercial vessels, under contract to the BCF, skimming dead alewives from the surface of Lake Michigan. For years, dieoffs of overabundant alewives have created health and aesthetic problems.
Lake Michigan 1969 circa
3669 thumbnail picture
Harvesting channel catfish that have been raised in an artificial pond.
Arkansas 1969 circa
3670 thumbnail picture
Technician at the BCF Ann Arbor Biological Laboratory determines concentration of pesticides in samples of river and lake water. More study is needed to identify toxic substances that may be dangerous or lethal to aquatic life and humans when contaminated food is eaten.
Michigan, Ann Arbor 1969 circa
3671 thumbnail picture
Besides being a prime food fish, channel catfish raised artificially in fishponds appeal to the sportsman.
Arkansas, Dumas 1969 circa
3672 thumbnail picture
Scuba diver 100 feet below surface studies abundance and behavior of the northern lobster, taken mainly in wooden pots along the New England coast.
New England offshore 1969 circa
3673 thumbnail picture
Bottom view of a hydraulic jet dredge developed to harvest surf clams and ocean quahogs previously unutilized. The dredge is towed on the seafloor at depths of 30 to 100 feet, and clams are washed out of sand and gravel by high-pressure jets of water. A v-shaped knife scoops up the clams; other jets are positioned to push the clams into the "cage" of the dredge for bringing to surface.
Mid-Atlantic offshore 1969 circa
3674 thumbnail picture
Northern shrimp taken during exploratory fishing in the Gulf of Maine. Good catches have been made north of Cape Cod and a commercial fishery has been developed. About 13 million pounds were caught during the winter of 1967-1968.
Maine, Gulf of Maine 1969 circa
3675 thumbnail picture
Aerial spotting and photography are used to evaluate the magnitude and movements of pelagic untapped fishery resources.
1969 circa
3676 thumbnail picture
Mullet taken in experimental gill net. Four species of mullet are abundant in coastal and estuarine waters throughout tropic, semitropic, and temperate zones. These food fish - now caught in limited amounts - are a largely untapped resource in the West-Central Atlantic.
Mississippi, Pascagoula 1969 circa
3677 thumbnail picture
Behavior studies are conducted from underwater observation chamber on BCF ship CHARLES H. GILBERT. Skipjack are characterized by horizontal stripes on the belly. When in a feeding frenzy, vertical bars appear and can be seen on those fish near the surface where the bait has been cast.
1969 circa
3678 thumbnail picture
A research vessel is experimenting with an instrumented buoy system for transmitting data to fishermen on the location, kinds, and abundance of fish schools. Attached to the buoy are chemical receptors that detect chemical residues given off by the fish and detectors that register electromagnetic changes on sensing equipment.
1969 circa
3679 thumbnail picture
BCF scientists studying mating behavior of squid. After mating, females deposit egg capsule strands on the calcareous sand bottom. The lights have attracted the squid to the locality. In the background is Deep Diver, a research submersible of Ocean Systems, Inc., from which the divers have emerged.
Bahama Islands, Great Stirrup Cay 1969 circa
3680 thumbnail picture
Density and color enhancement of photograph of fish school and contrail by Philco Ford for BCF. To enhance readability of original photograph, which conceals many details, each subtle tone is assigned a color. This and other advanced techniques makes it possible to identify fish schools, changes in plant life in water, water depths, and polluted areas. See images fish7971 and 7972.
1969 circa
3681 thumbnail picture
Assembling computer at BCF Beaufort Biological Laboratory. As fast as information can be collected, computers can store, analyze, print, contour, and map for the fishery scientist.
North Carolina, Beaufort 1969 circa
3682 thumbnail picture
Mass culture of algae under artificial light provides food for larval and juvenile shellfish in BCF aquaculture programs. Each 5-gallon glass container produces a continuous supply of suspended algae for about 4 months before becoming so contaminated that the culture must be replaced.
1969 circa
3683 thumbnail picture
Selective breeding to improve growth of the eastern oyster is conducted at the BCF Milford Laboratory. Oyster spat of differenct hybrids can be seen as small round discs that have adhered to the scallop shells. a technician will determine the growth rates of the various genetic crosses.
1969 circa
3684 thumbnail picture
Laboratory scientist sorting larval shrimp that have been artificially cultivated at the BCF Galveston Laboratory.
Texas, Galveston 1969 circa
3685 thumbnail picture
Fertilized salmon eggs are being placed on immersion incubator to determine the best conditions for survival. Through such research, better methods have been developed to cultivate the fish artificially through the critical egg hatching and larval stages, and survival is improved.
1969 circa
3686 thumbnail picture
Yellowfin tuna being thawed in water. Excessive water pickup and sogginess can be a problem. Increasing amounts of fish frozen at sea or frozen raw materials are being thawed for further processing. Advanced electronic and vacuum-stema thawing techniques are being investigated.
1969 circa
3687 thumbnail picture
To bring fishery products of high quality to the consumer, tests are being considered using helicopters to transport fish quickly to processing plants.
1969 circa
3688 thumbnail picture
Looking down at radiation cell at BCF Gloucester Technological Laboratory. Containers holding fish fillets are on a conveyor belt passing over the cell. The speed of the conveyor belt controls the radiation dose received by the fillets.
1969 circa
3689 thumbnail picture
Three-mile fish ladder at Cazadero Dam. Power dams have changed the environment drastically. Ladders - some remarkably successful - are one means of maintaining runs of salmon against effects of huge enginnering projects. But not all problems have been solved.
1969 circa
3690 thumbnail picture
Injecting metal tag into a menhaden. The tag will be recovered later, if the fish is recaptured and reduced to meal and oil. This is part of an effort to maintain the yield of menhaden and many other species. Understanding of variations in abundance of fishery resources and of the effects of manmade and natural phenomena is not complete.
1969 circa
3691 thumbnail picture
Many fish cannot be harvested with present-day gear because the species are scattered over wide areas. Experiments with pelagic fish show that it may be possible to attract large numbers of fish at night to a series of buoys or rafts with pulsating lights. Then the pulsations would move the fish to a suction hose attached to a factory processing vessel.
1969 circa
3692 thumbnail picture
For many years, BCF oceanographers have worked with space technology to analyze data from manned and unmanned spacecraft and have related these data to identifying fertile areas in the ocean. Satellite sensing could locate schools of fish and relay this information to fishing fleets. Also, management and conservation of fishery resources could be improved.
1969 circa
3693 thumbnail picture
Shrimp vessels land the most valuable species taken along the South Atlantic coast. Shrimp trawlers have been modernized and are mainly double-rigged craft that can tow two nets simultaneously, thereby increasing fishing efficiency. Here the trawler is washing its nets after a day of fishing.
1969 circa
3694 thumbnail picture
Mending a torn pound net. Fishermen often spend much time repairing nets torn by debris or obstacles in the water or rough bottom.
1969 circa
3695 thumbnail picture
Northern fur seal floating, asleep, with back flippers folded over on left front flipper. The fur seal fishery in the Bering Sea is an outstanding example of successful management. The resource - after overexploitation caused a serious decline - has been restored by wise application of knowledge after many years of scientific research.
1969 circa
3696 thumbnail picture
Bread made with 10 percent concentrate from hake (center) and herring (right), hardly differ in texture and taste from regular bread (left). FPC can be added to many other products, like macaroni, cookies, vegetable proteins, and starchy foods. About 1 ounce of FPC daily will provide a person with the minimum protein requirement.
1969 circa
3697 thumbnail picture
The shrimp-like euphausiid (upper) and the copepod occur in many kinds and often in great abundance. These two groups of planktonic animals are of greatest importance as food for larger animals, like fish, squid, or even whales. In the Antarctic, euphausiids are the principal food of the blue whale.
1969 circa
3698 thumbnail picture
Fertile areas of the ocean swarm with hundreds and hundreds of millions of animal plankton. Some are visible as small dustlike particles; others can be seen only with a microscope. The living zooplankton shown here contain two kinds of copepods - animals shaped like grains of rice - and one kind of arrow worm - the long slender animals at upper right and lower left.
1969 circa
3699 thumbnail picture
The diversity of tiny zooplankton is shown in this microphotograph of preserved specimens. The preserving fluid coagulates the protein and makes the animals look white. In nature the animals are nearly transparent. Some zooplankton live by preying on their fellow members, but most are herbivorous, living on phytoplankton - the vegetation of the sea.
1969 circa

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Last Updated:
November 10, 2017