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Voyage To Inner Space - Exploring the Seas With NOAA Collect
Catalog of Images

19450 thumbnail picture
Diagram of the Sigsbee Sounding Machine as used on the BLAKE. George Belknap shipped Thomson piano wire machine to BLAKE in 1875 Charles Sigsbee modified Thomson machine to make the Sigsbee Sounding Machine . Sigsbee sounding machine was the standard for many years
1875
19451 thumbnail picture
Sigsbee Sounding Machine in use on the ALBATROSS.
1890?
19452 thumbnail picture
Contour map of Gulf of Mexico as sounded by the C&GS Steamer BLAKE between 1873 and 1875. Over 3,000 soundings went into this chart, most of the deep water soundings beween taken by the Sigsbee Sounding Machine. This was the first realistic bathymetric map of any oceanic basin. In: "Three Cruises of the BLAKE" by Alexander Agassiz, 1888. P. 102. QH 93.A26 1888 v.1.
1878
19453 thumbnail picture
Soundings from the Sigsbee Sounding Machine in the Gulf of Mexico.
19454 thumbnail picture
Contour map of the Caribbean from soundings by C&GS Steamer BLAKE and Fish Commission Steamer ALBATROSS. Both ships used Sigsbee Sounding Machine. In: "Three Cruises fo the BLAKE" by Alexander Agassiz, 1888. P. 98. Library Call Number QH 93.A26 1888 v.1.
1885
19455 thumbnail picture
3-D view of the Gulf of Mexico, Eastern U.S., and Western Atlantic. This is probably the first 3-dimensional seafloor view ever constructed. It was published in "Three Cruises of the BLAKE", by Alexander Agassiz, 1888. P. 94. Library Call Number QH 93.A26 1888 v.1.
1885?
19456 thumbnail picture
Sigsbee Sounding Machine on stern of ALBATROSS.
1900?
19457 thumbnail picture
Soledad and Los Coronados Canyons. Soledad Canyon is known today as La Jolla Canyon
San Diego, California 1897
19458 thumbnail picture
Robert Peary North Pole Expedition. Sounding with piano wire through the ice. Profile of soundings tends to corroborate that Peary made it to the North Pole.
Arctic Ocean 1909
19459 thumbnail picture
Bathymetric map of the World's oceans. Produced by Sir John Murray
1911
19460 thumbnail picture
North Atlantic Ocean showing clear delineation of Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Detail of Sir John Murray map
North Atlantic 1911
19461 thumbnail picture
Pair of piano wire sounding machines on the PATTERSON.
Unimak Island area, Aleutian Islands, Alaska 1913
19462 thumbnail picture
Steam sounding machine on the GEDNEY.
North Pacific 1913
19463 thumbnail picture
Sounding operations on the PATTERSON.
Unimak Island area, Aleutian Islands, Alaska October, 1913
19464 thumbnail picture
Sounding machine - detail view. On the PATTERSON
Unimak Island area, Aleutian Islands, Alaska October, 1913
19465 thumbnail picture
First track of sonic range finder on USS STEWART. Crossed north Atlantic with sonic sounding device. Made approximately 900 soundings from United States to Gibraltar
Atlantic Ocean 1922
19466 thumbnail picture
Temperature contours showing continuity of Mid-Atlantic Ridge. From Atlas of the METEOR Expedition. Combining sparse depth readings and temperature to infer bathymetry
South Atlantic Ocean 1927
19467 thumbnail picture
A hand sounding machine. On the EXPLORER
North Pacific Ocean 1927
19468 thumbnail picture
Installation of deepsea sounding equipment. C&GS 1931 Hydrographic Manual
1931
19469 thumbnail picture
LL type wireline sounding machine. C&GS 1942 Hydrographic Manual
19470 thumbnail picture
Early continuous sounding record from acoustic system. Off of OCEANOGRAPHER. C&GS didn't use recording instruments until late 1930's
Hudson Canyon area 1939
19471 thumbnail picture
Submarine valley discovered in Georges Bank area. Work done by OCEANOGRAPHER
Georges Bank, offshore Massachusetts 1931
19472 thumbnail picture
Submarine valleys of Georges Bank. Contoured by Dr. Francis P. Shepard, "the father of marine geology". Work done by OCEANOGRAPHER
Georges Bank, offshore Massachusetts 1932
19473 thumbnail picture
The Mendocino Escarpment. The initial indication of the great seafloor fracture zones. Surveyed by GUIDE between 1935-1938
California, Cape Mendocino area 1938
19474 thumbnail picture
First discoveries of PIONEER and GUIDE Seamounts. Seamounts discovered by PIONEER and GUIDE.
California Central Coast 1929-1932
19475 thumbnail picture
Davidson Seamount named for George Davidson of the C&GS. This feature was the first called a "seamount". Officially named by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names. Discovered by GUIDE in 1933. Error - latitude should range from 35 to 36
South of Monterey, California 1934
19476 thumbnail picture
Identified as submerged atolls on Palawan Bank. Note similarity in shape to salt structures in Gulf of Mexico. See images "theb.3833.htm" and "theb.3834.htm"
Palawan Bank, Philippine Islands 1933
19477 thumbnail picture
Shallow water bathymetry. Sand waves off Padre Island. Delineation possible because of widespread use of recording fathometers
Padre Island, Texas 1948
19478 thumbnail picture
The first guyot -discovered by Harry Hess of Princeton University. Flat-topped seamounts which are common in the Pacific. Discovered by Hess as naval officer in WWII. Contrary to popular belief, flat- topped seamounts were first discovered by the C&GS in the Gulf of Alaska and published on by Harold Murray in 1941.
Western Pacific 1945?
19479 thumbnail picture
Precision depth recorder record of small seamount on side of Easter Island. Acquired by Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Record from ship THOMAS G. WASHINGTON
Chile, Easter Island 1982
19480 thumbnail picture
Profile of Bowers Bank. Surveyed by PATHFINDER
Southern Bering Sea 1952
19481 thumbnail picture
Constructing three dimensional model of Bowers Bank. C&GS marine geologist at work. Photo #1 of sequence
Washington, D.C. 1964
19482 thumbnail picture
Constructing three dimensional model of Bowers Bank. C&GS marine geologist at work. Photo #2 of sequence
Washington, D.C. 1964
19483 thumbnail picture
Constructing three dimensional model of Bowers Bank. C&GS marine geologist at work. Photo #3 of sequence
Washington, D.C. 1964
19484 thumbnail picture
Trincomalee Canyon, Sri Lanka. Surveyed by PIONEER. Survey made during International Indian Ocean Expedition
Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean 1964
19485 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #1. First recorded soundings in Monterey Bay. Surveyed by Don Miguel de Costanso - only 17 soundings
California, Monterey Bay 1770
19486 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #2. Reconnaissance chart of California coast. Surveyed in 1852 by Captain James Alden on the C&GS Ship ACTIVE
California, Monterey Bay 1853 chart
19487 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #3. Detail of Monterey Bay from 1852 C&GS survey. Note 0/120 in center of bay. Indicates that bottom was not reached with 120 fathom leadline
California, Monterey Bay 1853 chart
19488 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #4. C&GS chart of Monterey harbor published in 1852
California, Monterey Bay
19489 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #5. 1897 contoured map of Monterey "Submerged Valley". From George Davidson published paper in Proc. of Calif. Acad. of Sciences. Monterey Canyon was first noted in 1857 by James Alden of C&GS Ship ACTIVE . Alden termed the canyon a "submarine gulch"
California, Monterey Bay 1897
19490 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #6. Increasing detail of lower canyon including huge meander. From "Submarine Canyons" by Shepard and Dill
California, Monterey Bay 1966
19491 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #7. Profiles showing comparison of Monterey Canyon and Grand Canyon. From "Submarine Canyons" by Shepard and Dill
California, Monterey Bay 1966
19492 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #8. Upper Monterey Canyon as developed by multi-beam sounding systems. Surveyed by NOAA Ships DAVIDSON, DISCOVERER, and SURVEYOR. This was the smooth sheet for the first published NOAA multi-beam map
California, Monterey Bay 1989
19493 thumbnail picture
Monterey Bay Case Study - Photo #9. 3-D image of 9,000 square nautical miles. Shows Monterey Canyon, continental slope, Pioneer and Guide Seamounts, etc. This image was constructed from over 5,000,000 soundings
California, Monterey Bay 1990
19494 thumbnail picture
Mapping the Ocean Floor. Joint NOAA-USGS Exclusive Economic Zone Project Office. NOAA responsible for multi-beam bathymetric mapping program
1985-1991
19495 thumbnail picture
3-D image from NOAA Exclusive Economic Zone Mapping Project. Norfolk Canyon off Chesapeake Bay. Image is 30 nautical miles by approximately 50 nautical miles
Off Chesapeake Bay entrance 1989
19496 thumbnail picture
3-D image from NOAA Exclusive Economic Zone Mapping Project. Sigsbee Escarpment and bizarre topography of Texas-Louisiana Slope. Image shows approximately 9,000 square nautical miles
Gulf of Mexico 1989
19497 thumbnail picture
3-D image NOAA Exclusive Economic Zone Mapping Project. Mitchell Basin image showing small portion of Sigsbee Escarpment. Image is 30 nautical miles by approximately 50 nautical miles
Gulf of Mexico 1989
19498 thumbnail picture
Map from NOAA Exclusive Economic Zone Mapping Project. Mitchell Basin map showing small portion of Sigsbee Escarpment. Image is 30 nautical miles by approximately 50 nautical miles
Gulf of Mexico 1989
19499 thumbnail picture
Map from NOAA Exclusive Economic Zone Mapping Project. Small portion of Sigsbee Escarpment north of Green Knoll
Gulf of Mexico 1989

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