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NOAA Photo Library Image - reef0176

A typical invertebrate grouping found on the interior roof of the pipes consisting primarily of bryozoa, tunicates and sponges over the top of oyster shells. Oysters could not survive long once the other fouling organisms covered them over. You can see the tan colonies of erect bryozoa, Reteporellina sp. These colonies disappeared after strong storm surges.

Image ID: reef0176, NOAA's Coral Kingdom Collection
Location: Pokai Bay, Oahu
Photo Date: May 1968
Photographer: Dr. James P. McVey, NOAA Sea Grant Program

Category: Coral Reefs/Artificial Reef/Invertebrates/

High Resolution Photo Available

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Last Updated:
November 10, 2017